Coated or Uncoated Paper?

21/11/17 09:37 Filed in:

Uncoated or Coated Paper & Board?


All​ paper starts off as uncoated paper. In the production process, soft wood fibres are used to make a pulp that is then bleached, rolled flat, dried and smoothed out.
Uncoated papers tend to feel rougher than coated papers and have a more tactile feel. You can however, get some very smooth uncoated papers and boards that have been repeatedly calendared to give a very flat, smooth surface whilst maintaining the porous properties of an uncoated paper or board. Uncoated papers tend to be whiter in appearance as well as feeling more bulky when compared to a coated sheet with the same weight.

Printed Results:

Litho printed results on uncoated paper are very different to coated papers. As the paper is more porous the ink is absorbed into the paper producing a very soft, muted affect where detail and sharpness can be lost. You could say that colours look flat or dull but this affect can be very appealing especially when used to promote a natural, earthy product. There is a stark difference however between the results you get from litho printing onto uncoated paper when compared to digital printing onto uncoated paper.

Digital printing uses a toner that is then fused to the surface of the paper, it therefore does not get absorbed into the paper and hence gives a sharper, brighter image when compared to litho printing. This can sometimes be preferable as you get the sharp bright pictures of a coated paper along with the tactile feel of the uncoated paper.

Types of uncoated paper:

There are many, many different types of uncoated paper and board but they can broadly be classified into the following groups:

Offset– the name given to uncoated paper used f​or general print work such as flyers, leaflets, brochures and loose-leaf products.

Coloured– there are a vast array of coloured, uncoated papers to choose from including pastel and intense shades.

Bond– a paper used for everyday printed stationery and photo copiers

Wove– used for high quality stationery having a very smooth, uniform surface. These types of papers may carry a watermark such as Conqueror.

Laid– used for high quality stationery but this time with finely embossed, evenly spaced lines on the reverse of the paper giving a textured ribbed effect.

Linen– used for high quality stationery but with an embossed pattern that imitates the look and feel of linen cloth.

NCR– (No Carbon Required) – this is a specialist paper system with a coating on the surface of the paper that transfers the written image onto the paper below without the need for a carbon sheet. Many Business Documents use this paper eg. Order Pads, Invoice Pads and Receipt Books.

Recycled– uncoated papers made from pre-used paper.


As mentioned above, coated paper and board starts off as uncoated. It is then coated, traditionally with a china clay liquid, that fills the tiny pours and crevices in the fibres of the base paper to give it a flat uniform surface. Different levels of rollers and smoothing blades are then used to create the different coated finishes of matt, silk or gloss. If you use your finger nail to rub a piece of matt coated paper it will go glossy! Different thicknesses of coating, create different grades of coated paper with the more expensive coated papers being called Triple Coated.

The coating process limits the amount of ink and moisture that the paper can absorb. It also makes it more opaque and resistant to wear and dirt and hence less liable to finger marking. The coating process also makes the paper less white in appearance when compared to uncoated paper with a more creamy appearance, although this isn’t noticeable unless held next to an uncoated sheet. This is only a general rule of thumb as there are many differences in the whiteness of both coated and uncoated paper. A final property of coated paper is that the same weight of coated paper can feel thinner than the corresponding uncoated paper as a result of the coated paper having been repeatedly smoothed, compressing the fibres together.

As coated papers are less absorbent, the litho ink sits more on the surface, giving a sharper more defined printed image which is often more desirable when you want sharp high definition pictures, photographs or text. Where there is a lot of text it is preferable to use a matt or silk paper as gloss paper can make it more difficult to read. The difference between the printed results from litho and digital printing are often indistinguishable when printed on a coated paper except that digital printing can often be more vibrant due to the larger colour gamut of the digital printing process.

Types of coated paper & board:

There are many types of coated paper and board, broadly classified into the following groups:

Cast– a high gloss, mirror like surface, giving a shiny appearance on one side of the paper.

Gloss– smooth, glossy surface giving the paper or board a shiny appearance used predominantly for flyers, leaflets and brochures.

Silk– smooth, refined silky surface giving a soft sheen to the look of the paper again used for flyers, leaflets and brochures.

Matt– smooth, refined matt surface giving a matt appearance very similar to silk paper, used for flyers, leaflets and brochures.

Recycled– available in both gloss and matt – usually with at least 75% recycled content.

Single Sided Board– with a coating on one side and not on the reverse, these boards are traditionally used for Post Cards, Greetings Cards and Christmas Cards.

In conclusion - Uncoated or Coated?

There are hundreds of different papers to choose from - the choice is endless! In regards as to which paper or board to use, coated or uncoated, there’s no hard and fast rules. It’s more important to think about how the print is going to be used and what affect you want it to have.

Barry Hayman
Author: Barry Hayman, Director of Hayman Creative
Board Member of Nottingham’s Creative Quarter

Our company secretary and ‘The Voice of Notts County’ celebrated in Ale!

08/01/16 15:16
Pasted Graphic
Colin Slater MBE, writer and BBC radio commentator, and for many the voice of Notts County, is the latest to be celebrated in a namesake real ale in our series of Nottinghamian Celebration Ales.

The first pints were pulled at the Embankment by Trent Bridge and Meadow Lane, and at the Portland Leisure Centre, nearby in the Meadows.   BBC East Midlands Today joined the celebrations for this adopted son of Nottingham.
Colin Slater, who was admitted to the football club’s Hall of Fame in 2014, is a long-time trustee of Notts County’s registered charity, Football in the Community. He says it was a big step on the part of the Board of Trustees to agree to take over the Portland Leisure Centre.  He pays tribute to Football in the Community director Steve Hill and his staff for making the investment such a huge success. Colin, who has written about Notts since 1959 and covered their matches on BBC Radio Nottingham since the station opened in 1968, says he feels greatly honoured to be associated with Castle Rock’s Nottinghamian Celebration Ales.
Colin pulling pint

New Tram named after company secretary Colin Slater

13/08/15 14:24
Colin Slater MBE - our company secretary and legendary Notts County commentator for BBC Radio Nottingham, has become the latest person to be honoured by having one of NET’s new fleet of trams named after him.Colin award
NET Marketing Manager, Jamie Swift, commented: "A total of 22 new trams have joined our expanded fleet and, in keeping with tradition, each one is being named after local people who have made their mark on our community.
"We went through a nominations process a few months ago and Colin's name was put forward on numerous occasions. It's not surprising because he's been a big part of the Nottingham scene since he moved here in the 1950s. He has legendary status as a commentator on Notts County and, as a Beeston resident, it was fitting that we could host the naming ceremony at our new Toton Lane terminus."
Cllr Jane Urquhart of Nottingham City Council said: “Colin is known and respected by many as Mr Notts County, reporting on the club’s biggest moments on BBC Radio Nottingham for over 55 years. He has also made a great contribution to the community in his role as the deputy chairman of the local Bench of Magistrates.
“I am delighted that we can pay tribute to his service by naming one of Nottingham’s new trams in his honour.”colin tram name

Full Colour Hard Back Case Binding and Canadian Binding

24/01/15 13:07 Filed in:
Our two new book binding styles: full colour printed hard back case bound books and full colour Canadian style hard back books. Read More...

Photographic & Fine Art Printing Guidelines.

07/01/15 21:31 Filed in:
General guidelines for photographic and poster printing at Hayman Creative. Read More...